Time of the End - Chronological events


"Since 1798 the book of Daniel has been unsealed, knowledge of the prophecies has increased, and many have proclaimed the solemn message of the judgment near." - The Great Controversy, p. 356.

So that is the arrival of first Increase  of Knowledge

“No such message has  ever been given in past ages. Paul, as we have  seen, did not preach it; he pointed his brethren into the then far-distant future  for  the  coming of  the  Lord. The Reformers  did not  proclaim  it. Martin Luther  placed the  judgment  about  three  hundred years in the  future  from  his  day.  But  since  1798 the  book of Daniel  has  been  unsealed, knowledge of the  prophecies  has  increased, and many  have  proclaimed the  solemn message  of  the judgment  near. Like  the  great  Reformation of  the  sixteenth century, the  advent  movement  appeared in different  countries  of  Christendom  at  the  same  time.  In  both  Europe  and  America men  of faith  and prayer  were  led to the  study  of the  prophecies, and, tracing down the  inspired record, they  saw convincing evidence  that  the  end of  all  things  was  at  hand. In different  lands there  were  isolated bodies  of  Christians  who, solely  by  the  study  of  the  Scriptures,  arrived at the  belief that  the  Saviour’s  advent  was  near. In 1821,  three  years  after  Miller  had arrived at  his  exposition  of the  prophecies  pointing to the  time  of the  judgment, Dr. Joseph Wolff, “the  missionary  to the  world,”  began to proclaim  the  Lord’s  soon coming.”  –  {Great Controversy, pg.356.2-357.2}

So according to Dan12:4 knowledge starts to increase.

The  prophetic  passage  that  was  unsealed in this  history is  Daniel  8:14—the  2300 days leading to the  judgment.  The  increase  of knowledge  which followed the  arrival  of the  time  of the  end is  seen in the  experience  of “men of faith and prayer”  “in both Europe  and  America” who “were  led to the  study of the  prophecies”—men such as  Dr. Joseph  Wolff and  William Miller.  The  classical  illustration of the  increase  of knowledge  which will  be  the  focus  of this study is  William  Miller.  This  is  because, according to inspiration, it  is  in his  country and because  of his  labors  that  the  Advent  movement  took a  more  definite  form;  and  America became  the  center of this  prophetic  movement:

As  early  as  1826 the  advent  message  began to be  preached in England.  The  movement  here did not  take  so definite  a form  as  in  America; the  exact  time  of  the  advent  was  not  so generally  taught, but  the  great truth of  Christ’s  soon coming in power  and glory  was extensively  proclaimed…To William  Miller  and his  colaborers  it  was  given to preach the warning in  America.  This  country  became  the  center  of the  great  advent  movement. It  was here  that  the  prophecy  of  the  first  angel’s  message  had its  most  direct  fulfillment. The  writings of  Miller  and his  associates  were  carried to distant  lands. Wherever  missionaries  had penetrated in all  the  world, were  sent  the  glad tidings  of  Christ’s  speedy  return. Far  and wide spread the  message  of  the  everlasting gospel: “Fear  God, and give  glory  to Him; for  the  hour of  His  judgment  is  come.””  –  {Great  Controversy, pg.362.2, 368.1}

Separation  of Classes  Initiated

The  proclamation  of a definite  time  for  Christ’s  coming called forth  great  opposition  from many  of all  classes, from  the  minister  in the  pulpit  down to the  most  reckless, Heaven-daring sinner. The  words  of  prophecy  were  fulfilled: “There  shall  come  in the  last  days  scoffers, walking after  their  own lusts, and saying, Where  is  the  promise  of  His  coming? for  since  the fathers  fell  asleep, all  things  continue  as  they  were  from  the  beginning of  the  creation.”  2 Peter  3:3, 4. Many  who professed to love  the  Saviour, declared that  they  had no opposition to the  doctrine  of  the  second advent;  they  merely  objected to the  definite  time. But  God’s  allseeing eye  read their  hearts. They  did not  wish to hear  of  Christ’s  coming to judge  the  world in righteousness. They  had been unfaithful  servants, their  works  would not  bear  the inspection of  the  heart-searching God, and they  feared to meet  their  Lord. Like  the  Jews  at the  time  of  Christ’s  first  advent  they  were  not  prepared to welcome  Jesus. They  not  only refused to listen to the  plain arguments  from  the  Bible,  but  ridiculed those  who were  looking for  the  Lord. Satan and his  angels  exulted, and flung the  taunt  in the  face  of  Christ  and holy angels  that  His  professed people  had so little  love  for  Him  that  they  did not  desire  His appearing.”  –  {Great  Controversy, pg.370.1} “Some  ministers  laid aside  their  sectarian views  and feelings, left  their  salaries  and their churches, and united in proclaiming the  coming of  Jesus. There  were  comparatively  few ministers, however, who would accept  this  message;  therefore  it  was  largely  committed to humble  laymen. Farmers  left  their  fields, mechanics  their  tools, traders  their  merchandise, professional  men their  positions; and yet  the  number  of  workers  was  small  in comparison with the  work  to be  accomplished.  The  condition  of an  ungodly  church  and a world lying in wickedness, burdened the  souls  of the  true  watchmen, and they  willingly  endured toil, privation, and suffering, that  they  might  call  men to repentance  unto salvation. Though opposed by  Satan, the  work  went  steadily  forward, and the  advent  truth was  accepted by many  thousands.”  –  {Great  Controversy, pg.368.2}

The  increase  of knowledge  of the  time  prophecies  of the  end times  produced a  dual  response and initiated an escalating process  of separation. From  a  very early stage, men of all  classes who did not  understand the  increase  of knowledge  did wickedly and opposed and ridiculed those  who did understand and were  made  wise  unto salvation. It  is  worth noting that  as  the message  in the  time  of Christ  was  given to ignorant  shepherds  and heathen magi, the  message of the  judgment  hour “was  largely committed to humble  laymen.”  The  reason for this  was “comparatively few  ministers”  were  willing to lay “aside  their sectarian views  and feelings” and “their salaries  and their churches”  to endure  the  hardships  associated with spreading unpopular yet  salvational  truth.  This  rift  between the  two classes  would only widen as  more light  was  shed on the  time  prophecies.

Formalization  of the  Message 


After  reviewing his  positions  over  a period of  years  and assuring himself  as  to their certainty,  he  [Miller] responded in  early  August, 1831, to an  invitation  to publicly  present his  views  on  the  prophecies. From  then on his  time  was  devoted largely  to the  heralding of the  Advent  message. In due  time  he  was  joined by  hundreds  of  other  Protestant  ministers  who participated in the  great  Advent  Awakening of  the  1840’s.”  –  {Early  Writings, pg.303.1} “He  [Miller]  began to present  his  views  in private  as  he  had opportunity, praying that  some minister  might  feel  their  force  and devote  himself  to their  promulgation. But  he  could not banish the  conviction that  he  had a personal  duty  to perform  in giving the  warning. The words  were  ever  recurring to his  mind: “Go and tell  it  to the  world; their  blood will  I require at  thy  hand.”  For  nine  years  he  waited, the  burden still  pressing upon his  soul,  until  in  1831 he  for  the  first  time  publicly  gave  the  reasons  of his  faith.”  –  {Great  Controversy, pg.330.2} “In  1833 Miller  received a license  to preach, from  the  Baptist  Church, of  which he  was  a member.  A  large number  of  the ministers  of  his  denomination also approved his  work,  and it was  with  their  formal  sanction  that  he  continued his  labors. He  traveled and preached unceasingly, though his  personal  labors  were  confined principally  to the  New England and Middle  States. In 1833, two years  after  Miller  began to present  in public  the  evidences  of Christ’s  soon coming, the  last  of  the  signs  appeared which were  promised by  the  Saviour  as tokens  of  His  second advent. Said Jesus: “The  stars  shall  fall  from  heaven.”  Matthew 24:29. And John in the  Revelation declared, as  he  beheld in vision the  scenes  that  should herald the day  of  God: “The  stars  of  heaven fell  unto the  earth, even as  a fig tree  casteth her  untimely figs, when she  is  shaken of  a mighty  wind.”  Revelation 6:13. This  prophecy  received a striking and impressive  fulfillment  in the  great  meteoric  shower  of  November  13, 1833. That was  the  most  extensive  and wonderful  display  of  falling stars  which has  ever  been recorded; “the  whole  firmament, over  all  the  United States, being then, for  hours, in fiery  commotion!” –  {Great  Controversy, pg.332.1, 333.1}

The  presentation of the  message  of definite  time  for the  hour of judgment  by  William  Miller during the  years  of his  initial  public  labors  (the  1830’s) answers  to the  formalization of the message  of that  history. In 1831, Miller prepared a  series  of articles  on the  subject  which were  published and circulated in subsequent  years;  in the  same  year, he  also began public spoken presentations. In 1833, he  received credentials  from  the  Baptist  church to formally present  his  findings. It  is  worth noting that  in the  very year that  Miller received his  license  to preach from  the  Baptist  church, the  celestial  shower (falling of the  stars) which prophecy had predicted as  a  sign of the  end times  took place.  Thus, God gave  a  token of divine endorsement  to the  work of  William  Miller in heralding the  message  of the  judgment  near. And the  Protestant  churches  of his  generation could be  held accountable  for that  formalized light. It  goes  without  saying, the  reformer of that  time  was  an  American Reformer (as  Great Controversy puts  it)—William  Miller.

Empowerment of the First Message  –  August 11, 1840 Revelation 10:1-6

In  the  year  1840 another  remarkable  fulfillment  of prophecy  excited widespread interest. Two years  before, Josiah Litch, one  of  the  leading ministers  preaching the  second advent, published an exposition of  Revelation 9, predicting the  fall  of  the  Ottoman Empire.  According to his  calculations, this  power  was  to be  overthrown “in  A.D. 1840, sometime  in the  month of August;”  and only  a few days  previous  to its  accomplishment  he  wrote: “Allowing the  first period, 150 years, to have  been exactly  fulfilled before  Deacozes  ascended the  throne  by permission of  the  Turks, and that  the  391 years, fifteen days, commenced at  the  close  of  the first  period, it  will  end on the  11th of  August, 1840, when the  Ottoman power  in Constantinople  may  be  expected to be  broken.  And this, I believe, will  be  found to be  the case.”—Josiah Litch, in Signs  of  the  Times, and Expositor  of  Prophecy,  August  1, 1840. At  the  very  time  specified, Turkey, through her  ambassadors, accepted the  protection of  the allied powers  of  Europe, and thus  placed herself  under  the  control  of  Christian nations. The event  exactly  fulfilled the  prediction. (See  Appendix.)  When  it  became  known, multitudes were  convinced of the  correctness  of the  principles  of prophetic  interpretation  adopted by Miller  and his  associates, and a wonderful  impetus  was  given  to the  advent  movement. Men of  learning and position united with Miller, both in preaching and in publishing his  views, and from  1840 to 1844 the  work rapidly  extended.””  – {GC 335.1} “The  message  of  Revelation 14, proclaiming that  the  hour  of  God’s  judgment  is  come, is given in the  time  of  the  end.  The  angel  of Revelation  10  is  represented as  having one  foot  on the  sea and one  foot  on the  land,  showing that  the  message  will  be  carried to distant  lands, the  ocean will  be  crossed, and the  islands  of  the  sea will  hear  the  proclamation of  the  last message  of  warning to our  world....“That  there  should be  time  no longer.”  This  message announces  the  end of the  prophetic  periods. The  disappointment  of  those  who expected to see  our  Lord in 1844 was  indeed bitter  to those  who had so ardently  looked for  His appearing.  It  was  in  the  Lord’s  order  that  this  disappointment  should come, and that  hearts should be  revealed.”  –  {Christ  Triumphant, pg.340.2, 3} “This  time, which the  angel  declares  with a solemn oath, is  not  the  end of  this  world’s  history, neither  of  probationary  time,  but  of prophetic  time, which  should precede  the  advent  of our Lord. That  is, the  people  will  not  have  another  message  upon definite  time.  After  this  period of  time, reaching from  1842 to 1844,  there  can  be  no definite  tracing of the  prophetic  time. The  longest  reckoning reaches  to the  autumn  of 1844.”  –  {Manuscript  Releases, vol.19, pg.

The  advent  movement  of 1840-44  was  a glorious  manifestation of  the  power  of  God;  the first  angel’s  message  was  carried to every  missionary  station  in  the  world, and in some countries  there  was  the  greatest  religious  interest  which has  been witnessed in any  land since the  Reformation of  the  sixteenth century;…”–  {Great  Controversy, pg.611.1} The  empowerment  of the  first  message  is  marked on  August  11, 1840.  The  characteristics  are outlined as  follows:

1. Inspiration identifies  that  the  confirmation of the  rules  of interpretation adopted by Miller in explaining the  time  prophecies  of the  end times  gave  an impetus  to (or empowered) the Advent  movement.  This  is  parallel  to the  confirmation of the  message  of John concerning the  first  advent  of Christ  by the  miraculous  circumstances  associated with Christ’s baptism. 2. The  message  was  worldwide  in its  scope;  the  work rapidly extended, the  first  angel’s message  was  carried to every missionary station in the  world.  This  is  parallel  to Moses’ message  to Pharaoh which was  not  to have  an impact  on Egypt  alone, but  the  surrounding nations  as  well. It  also parallels  John’s  message  of the  Saviour whose  sacrifice  was  to encompass  the  world. John’s  message  also spread to regions  abroad his  native  land. 3. The  Bible  and Spirit  of prophecy represent  the  Angel  of Revelation 10 as  Christ, but  more specifically as  a  symbol  of the  work He  accomplished through the  Advent  people  in carrying the  first  angel’s  message  to “distant  lands.”  This  is  further confirmed by the Angel’s  words  “time  shall  be  no longer.”  This  was  applicable  to the  termination of prophetic  time  by 1844.  And this  was  the  message  and work accomplished by the  Advent people.  Therefore, the  empowerment  of the  first  angel’s  message  was  associated with the descent  of the  Angel  of Revelation 10.  The  parallels  in the  histories  of Moses  and Christ were  the  descent  of the  angel  of the  Lord who confronted Moses  with the  test  of circumcision and the  descent  of the  Holy Spirit  at  the  baptism  of Christ  respectively. 4. The  empowerment  of the  work represented by the  first  angel  of Revelation 14 was associated with the  fulfillment  of a  time  prophecy in Revelation 9 predicting the  collapse of the  Ottoman Islamic  Empire  on  August  11, 1840. Our  Adventist  pioneers  understood that  Revelation 9 elaborated on the  role  of Islam  in Bible  prophecy.  They referred to the adherents  of this  religion as  the  Mahometans  (or Mohammedans).  5. Revelation 9 represents  or symbolizes  them  as  an army of war horses, members  of the equine  family.  This  brings  us  back to a  parallel  history, the  history of Moses.  An ass, (another member of the  equine  family) upon which his  family rode, was  headed towards judgment-bound Egypt;  but  at  the  time  of the  descent  of the  angel  to Moses, it  was  turned out  of its  way and returned to Midian as  a  way to protect  Moses’  ill-prepared family.  This was  a  type, shadow, sign, or symbol  of the  forces  of Islam  at  the  beginning of Modern Israel  (the  Ottoman Islamic  Empire  and Islamic  Egypt) whose  conflict  was  distressing the European powers  in the  late  1830’s. Both nations  had to be  turned out  of their ways, i.e., had to have  their wild warlike  activities  put  in check or restrained. Islamic  Egypt  was turned out  of its  way (or restrained) by an order to cease  its  insurrection against  the Ottoman  Turks.  And the  Ottoman  Turks  were  turned out  of their way by handing the governing of their affairs  over to the  European nations;  thus  losing their national sovereignty.  The  following  Adventist  theologian, Professor Pieter. G. Damsteegt  gives  a summary of these  transactions:

The  sixth trumpet  of  Rev. 9 depicted the  conquest  and killing done  by  the  Ottoman empire. The  duration of  the  supremacy  of  this  power  was  "an hour, and a day, and a month, and a year"  (9:15). The  actual  time  was  again found by  using the  year-day principle.  An hour  was  15 days; a day, one  year; a month, 30 years; and a year, 360 literal   years,  the  whole  amounting to 391 years  and 15 days. Thus, to Litch the completion of  the  sixth trumpet, or  the  end of  the  Ottoman supremacy, should occur  "150 years"  and "391 years  and 15 days"  after  July  27, 1299,  that  is, precisely  on  August  11, 1840. To this  conclusion he  arrived about  two weeks  before  the  expected event. Several months  later  another  article  by  Litch on the  Eastern question appeared in which he claimed that  the  latest  political  developments  were  a confirmation of  his  prediction. The Sultan of  the  empire  had been engaged in a quarrel  with Mehemet  Ali, Pasha of  Egypt. The  Pasha rebelled against  the  Sultan, declared his  independence, and conquered a large part  of  the  Ottoman empire  and fleet.  This  aroused the  Western  European  powers, who wanted to restore  the  balance  of power.  A conference  was  held in London on July  15, 1840 and  an  ultimatum  was  drawn  up demanding the  Pasha to return  part  of his  conquests  and the  Sultan's  fleet. Rifaat  Bey, the  Sultan's  envoy, was  sent  to  Alexandria to communicate  the  ultimatum  to the  Pasha. Litch felt  that  the  end of  the  prophetic  period of  Rev. 9:15 and the  end of  the  supremacy  of the  Sultan were  inseparably  connected with the  ultimatum  of  the  great  powers  to Mehemet  Ali.  As  long as  the  decision of  that  conference  remained in the  hands  of  Rifaat Bey, the  Sultan maintained his  independence. But  when the  ultimatum  had been passed into the  Pasha's  hands, the  question of  war  or  peace  was  beyond the  Sultan's  control.  This  happened, Litch said, when "Rifaat  Bey  arrived at  Alexandria on the  11th of  August and threw the  decision of  the  affair  into the  hands  of  Mehemet  Ali.  And from  that  time  it was  out  of the  sultan's  power  to control  the  affairs. It  lay  with Mehemet  Ali  to say whether  there  should be  war  or  peace."  According to Litch, this  was  the  conclusion of  the sixth trumpet, and since  the  11th of  August  the  Ottoman power  in Constantinople  had been "entirely  under  the   dictation of  the  great  Christian powers  of  Europe."  He concluded his  remarks  by  stressing the  urgency  of  the  times:”  –  {Foundation of  the Seventh-day  Adventist  Message  and Mission, pg.27.1} Thus, these  developments  provided an umbrella  of protection to the  faith of multitudes  of people  in the  churches  who were  yet  unprepared for the  judgment, as  the  turning away of Moses’ ass  afforded his  family respite  and protection from  the  conflicts  they were  not prepared to meet  in ancient  Egypt. 6. With the  confirmation of the  fulfillment  of the  prophecy of “the  second woe”  in Revelation 9, the  testing process  became  life  and death to all  who were  confronted with the  truth because  it  had been proven to be  valid. 7. This  confirmation brought  with it  a  fearful  conviction of sin reflected in the  words  of the 

Foundations  Laid  –  May 1842

As  early  as  1842, the  Spirit  of God had moved upon  Charles  Fitch  to devise  the  prophetic chart, which was  generally  regarded by  Adventists  as  a fulfillment  of  the  command given by the  prophet  Habakkuk, “to write  the  vision and make  it  plain upon tables.”  No one, however, then saw the  tarrying time, which was  brought  to view in the  same  prophecy.  After  the disappointment, the  full  meaning of  this  scripture  became  apparent. Thus  speaks  the  prophet: “Write  the  vision, and make  it  plain upon tables, that  he  may  run that  readeth it. For  the vision is  yet  for  an appointed time, but  at  the  end it  shall  speak, and not  lie: though it  tarry, wait  for  it; because  it  will  surely  come, it  will  not  tarry.”  [Habakkuk  2:2, 3.]”  –  {Spirit  of Prophecy, pg.241.2} “The  warning has  come: Nothing is  to be  allowed to come  in that  will  disturb  the  foundation of the  faith  upon which we  have  been building  ever  since  the  message  came  in  1842, 1843, and 1844. I was  in this  message, and ever  since  I have  been standing before  the  world, true to the  light  that  God has  given us. We  do not  propose  to take  our  feet  off  the  platform  on which they  were  placed as  day  by  day  we  sought  the  Lord with earnest  prayer, seeking for light. Do you think  that  I could give  up the  light  that  God has  given me? It  is  to be  as  the Rock  of  Ages. It  has  been guiding me  ever  since  it  was  given. Brethren and sisters, God lives and reigns  and works  today. His  hand is  on the  wheel, and in his  providence  he  is  turning the wheel  in accordance  with his  own will.  Let  not  men  fasten  themselves  to documents, saying what  they  will  do, and what  they  will  not  do. Let  them  fasten themselves  to the  Lord God of heaven. Then the  light  of  heaven will  shine  into the  soul-temple, and we  shall  see  the salvation of  God.”  –  {Review and Herald,  April  14, 1903 Par. 35} “I  have  seen  that  the  1843 chart  was  directed by  the  hand of the  Lord, and that  it  should not  be  altered; that  the  figures  were  as  He  wanted them; that  His  hand was  over  and hid a mistake  in some  of  the  figures, so that  none  could see  it, until  His  hand was  removed.”  – {Early  Writings, pg.74.1} “In  May, 1842, a General  Conference  was  convened in Boston, Mass.  At  the  opening of  this meeting,  Brn. Charles  Fitch  and  Apollos  Hale, of Haverhill, presented the  pictorial prophecies  of Daniel  and John, which they  had painted on cloth, with the  prophetic numbers, showing their  fulfillment.  Bro. Fitch  in  explaining from  his  chart  before  the Conference, said, while  examining these  prophecies, he  had thought  if  he  could get  out something of  the  kind as  here  presented it  would simplify  the  subject  and make  it  easier  for him  to present  to an audience.  Here  was  more  light  in  our  pathway.  These  brethren  had been  doing what  the  Lord had shown  Habakkuk in  his  vision  2468 years  before, saying, "Write  the  vision and make  it  plain upon tables, that  he  may  run that  readeth it. For  the vision is  yet  for  an appointed time."  Hab.ii,2.”  –  {The  Autobiography  of  Elder  Joseph Bates, pg.262.1}

In the year 1840 people flock in into the movement.

They saw the principles using was correct.

Which are the foundation of God's throne: (144,000).