Apocrypha - HIDDEN MANNA: the Lost Books of the Bible - Books that were left OUT of our Bibles that we use today - intentionally by evil men who decided centuries ago what books to include or not to include in the King James Version of the Bible- who were THEY to determine what others in future generations should know or not know? We need this information! IT IS HUGE, if they speak NOT according to the law and the testimony - Isaiah 8:20

A WORD TO THE WISE --THE APOCRYPHA
AMAZING BOOK! 

The Complete Apocrypha: with Enoch, Jasher, and Jubilees by R.H. Charles Paperback – November 24, 2018, get it here on Amazon.com

"I then saw the Word of God, pure and unadulterated, and that we must answer for the way we received the truth proclaimed from that Word. I saw that it had been a hammer to break the flinty heart in pieces, and a fire to consume the dross and tin, that the heart might be pure and holy. I saw that the Apocrypha was the hidden book, and that the wise of these last days should understand it. I saw that the Bible was the standard Book, that will judge us at the last day. I saw that heaven would be cheap enough, and that nothing was too dear to sacrifice for Jesus, and that we must give all to enter the kingdom" (Ellen G. White, Manuscript Releases, vol. 16, p. 34)

Since their Bibles included the Apocrypha, Adventist pioneers likely read these books and were familiar with their contents, even more so for those books that have an end-time focus, such as 2 Esdras. 

The Wise Virgins vs the Foolish Virgin (Laodiceans) church militant:

"I saw that the Apocrypha was the hidden book, and that the wise of these last days should understand it." (Ellen G. White, Manuscript Releases, vol. 16, p. 34)


  1. "Those who think that the church militant (501c3 laodicean, foolish virgin, stony ground hearers SDA theological tare bundle) is the church triumphant (144,000 literal number) make a GREAT mistake." E.G. White, The Upward Look, 152.
  2.  "The members of the church triumphant--the church in heaven--will be permitted to draw near to the members of the church militant (501c3 Adventists)to aid them in their necessity." E. G. White, The Southern Watchman, Sep. 8, 1903.
  3. The work is soon to close. The members of the church militant who have proved faithful will become the church triumphant"GCDB January 29, 1893, p. 24.5; —Letter 32, 1892.

Jesus is almost to come! We must learn Bible verse promises! Claim them in the Most Holy Place by faith going into the Heavenly Sanctuary in the Third Heaven by faith..."Let us then approach God's throne of grace with confidence, so that we may receive mercy and find grace to help us in our time of need (necessity)" Heb 4:16.


What is the Apocrypha?

We see from the above quote "that the Apocrypha was the hidden book and that the wise of these last days should understand it." In the Review and Herald dated Feb. 2, 1886 page 75 we are given a definition of what is contained in the Apocrypha under the section titled Scripture Questions, Answers By G. W. Morse:

"The books of the Apocrypha form a part of the sacred literature that was held in high esteem by the Alexandrian Jews. They were written subsequent to the captivity, and during the last three centuries B.C., when prophecy had ceased. They form the historical link between the Old and New Testaments, and are valuable because of the historical facts given. To this extent are they valuable in the study of the Bible. It is not known who wrote the books of the Apocrypha."

Did the early SEVENTH-DAY ADVENTIST church believe in the Apocrypha?

We have all heard of Sr. White holding up her family Bible while she was in vision. The following quotes tell us about that Bible:

Ellen G. White: The Early Years Volume 1-1827-1862 Page 92

The Large Family Bible

"The 'large' Bible Ellen called for after this vision in her home in Portland was, presumably, the 'big Bible' now in the White Estate vault with the names of Robert and Eunice Harmon stamped in gold on the spine, or back-a Bible eighteen inches long, eleven inches wide, four inches thick, and weighing 18.5 pounds. It was printed in Boston by Joseph Teal in the year 1822 and is illustrated with twenty-six beautiful steel engravings. Between the Old and the New Testaments a sheet bears the family record, filled in by James White. It also contains, between the Testaments, the books of the Old Testament Apocrypha.

The Bible Held in Vision

"It is also the large Bible held in vision in the Harmon home early in 1845. On that occasion, during family prayers, she stepped over to a bureau upon which this large volume rested, and picked it up. Placing it on her left hand, she easily held it at arm's length for an estimated half hour. During the vision she referred, in short exclamations, to the value of the Word of God. Although in frail health, she was in no way fatigued by the experience."

15 Manuscript Release Page 66
The Hidden Book
"In a report signed by three early believers reference is made to the hidden book as Ellen White uttered certain words in vision. Here is the account:

'"At another time at a meeting held at Brother Curtis' in Topsham, Maine, she was taken off in vision, and arose to her feet, took the large family Bible from the table, and held it on her hand some time at an angle of forty-five degrees, and said THE HIDDEN BOOK WAS NOT THERE. When someone asked if THE APOCRYPHA was not in the Bible, Brother Curtis remarked it was not. She talked sometime about THE HIDDEN BOOK. No one knew but Bro. Curtis Family that THE APOCRYPHA (APOCRYPHA) was not there.

Mrs. S. Howland
Rebecca Howland Winslow
Frances Howland Lunt'"

James White quoted from the Apocrypha many times in "A Word to the 'Little Flock.'" We see quotes used on pages 3,15,17,19,20, and 23. In the Review and Herald dated Feb. 2, 1869 page 48 we see where James White stated "The Association will probably issue an edition of the Apocrypha with references soon, which, well bound, can be sold for about seventy-five cents a copy." Also in the Review and Herald dated Aug. 5, 1858 page 96 in a response "To Correspondents" we read "Concerning the Apocrypha, we regard portions of it as containing much light and instruction. If we were asked to specify, we should mention 2 Esdras, Wisdom of Solomon, and 1 Maccabees. Concerning the Wisdom of Solomon, Sears' History of the Bible thus speaks: "Although the fathers of the church, and particularly Jerome, uniformly considered this book apocryphal, yet they recommended the perusal of it, in consideration of the excellence of its style. The third Council of Carthage, held in the year 397 , pronounced it to be a canonical book under the name of "The Fourth Book of Solomon," and the famous Council of Trent confirmed this decision.' Concerning the first book of Maccabees, it also states, 'The first book of Maccabees is a very valuable historical monument, written with great accuracy and fidelity, on which even more reliance may be placed than on the writings of Josephus.' The question of the inspiration of these books - the reason that might be adduced in favor of such an opinion, and the objections that might lie against it, we have never made a subject of particular study, and are not therefore prepared to discuss."

Many of the early pioneers of the SEVENTH-DAY ADVENTIST Church believed and quoted from the Apocrypha including O.R.L. Crosier, author of "The Sanctuary," which in WLF page 12, Sr. White states "that Brother Crosier had the true light, on the Sanctuary, & c: and that it was His will, that Brother C. should write out the view..." and she felt "fully authorized by the Lord" to recommend the reading "to every saint." Joseph Bates, whom introduced James & Ellen White to the Sabbath, also quoted from the Apocrypha many times including on pages 66 and 67 in his pamphlet "A Seal of the Living God - A Hundred Forty-Four Thousand:"

"The 2nd book of Esdras, contains very important truths for those that keep God's law and commandments; they will probably benefit no others, 12:37,38. I have refrained from quoting here while writing the Sealing Message, not because I did not believe; but because so much prejudice still exists, on account of its not being canonical scripture. There is abundant testimony in the Old and New Testament to satisfy all that honest minds require respecting the sealing message, being the present truth. I wish however, to quote a few passages to show the sealing, the law, and commandments, time of trouble, a&c. see 9:10, 11, 30-33, 36,37. All this may be objected to as under Moses' dispensation. Let 2:38-47, settle it. Carefully note 1st, the sealing; 2nd, the law; and 3rd, final redemption. Compare it with Rev. 14:1. Still further evidence, 13:31-38. Compare 38th verse with Rev. 17:14, and 19"15, 16. Also the commandments in 15:24, 25, 16:74-76.

"Time of trouble, 15:5,6, 11-27,57,58,62, 16:5,8, 14-24, 31, 37, 40, 67-78. Read the comforting promise for the time of trouble, 2:27. All this is now right before us; let us therefore carefully examine this prophecy. And let us carefully seek to know 'what manner or person we ought to be in all holy conversation and godliness,' seeing that we have now entered upon the last work or message, that God has marked out for his church before their final deliverance from this time of trouble, such as never was."

It is very evident that the early SEVENTH-DAY ADVENTIST Church used the Apocrypha and believed it to be of some importance. It was not until after 1888 that the Church started denouncing the Apocrypha and saying that it was from the Catholic Bible and of no value. (See Appended Quotes.)

Luther and King James translated the Apocrypha along with the Old and New Testaments. The Apocrypha was printed in most Bibles until the early 1800's when the Bible Societies decided to remove it. We have a Bible from the 1800's which contains the Apocrypha between the Old and New Testament, the translation is the same as the King James Version. Twelve books of the Apocrypha can be found in the Catholic Bible.

Is there a Type for there being a lost or "hidden" book?

Prophets and Kings Pages 392 & 393

"The silent yet powerful influences set in operation by the messages of the prophets regarding the Babylonian Captivity did much to prepare the way for a reformation that took place in the eighteenth year of Josiah's reign. This reform movement, by which threatened judgments were averted for a season, was brought about in a wholly unexpected manner through the discovery and study of a portion of Holy Scripture that for many years had been strangely misplaced and lost.... The book abounded in assurances of God's willingness to save to the uttermost those who should place their trust fully in Him. As He has wrought in their deliverance from Egyptian bondage, so would He work mightily in establishing them in the Land of Promise and in placing them at the head of the nations of earth,."

Ezra 6:1,2 - "Then Darius the King made a decree, and search was made in the house of the rolls, where the treasures were laid up in Babylon. And there was found a Achmetha, in the palace that is in the province of the Medes, a roll, and therein was record thus written:"

God hid the Apocrypha in the Catholic Bible (Babylon) just as He had hid the ancient rolls. The finding of the ancient rolls was at the start of reformation and the rebuilding of the Temple. We also make note that the Apocrypha begins "In the eighteenth year of the reign of Josias..." 1 Esdras 1:22, the same year stated in Prophets and Kings page 392 when the scroll was found.

What Kind of information does the Apocrypha contain?

The Apocrypha contains valuable lessons regarding Wisdom, Faith, Courage, Action, and Reason. It shows God's disdain of idols, that He would have us cast them away so we can become close to Him, and that idols have always been what has stood between God and His people. It reveals the deliverance of the Saints and God's judgments in detail. It also illustrates many Types for death decrees, confederacies, and the Sunday laws.

It is evident that the Apocrypha is very closely tied to the other texts of the Bible for we see in Jeremiah 36 that Baruch, his scribe, is one of the authors of the Apocrypha. In fact, Jeremiah's "roll" which Baruch wrote and delivered to Israel is contained in the Apocrypha, and is a warning applicable to God's Church today. Ezra has writings in the Apocrypha which are under the title Esdras. The rest of Esther's writing are also included. A description is given of what the three men in the fiery furnace experienced. Even the location of the cave where God secreted the ark is revealed (See 2 Maccabees 2:4-7 & PK 453).

We also recommend reading 3 Maccabees and 4 Maccabees. They are not in the Apocrypha but are found in the Septuagint. 3 Maccabees describes an event very similar to the Sunday laws and 4 Maccabees discusses "reason."

We pray that this study will be of good use to you and that you will pass it along to others so that the "wise" may be educated in these "last days."

Adventist Heritage, Vol.12, No. 1 Winter 1987



Under the Triple Eagle-- Early Adventist use of the Apocrypha--by Ron Graybill
The 2nd book of Esdras, contains very important truths," wrote Joseph Bates in 1849. He was not the only early Adventist who felt that way, even though he knew Esdras was part of the Apocrypha. O.R.L. Crosier, whom Adventists look to as one of the original framers of the church's Sanctuary doctrine, believed that Esdras was an inspired book which elucidated the prophecies of Daniel. When James White published Ellen White's early visions in A Word to the Little Flock in 1847, he supplied scriptural footnotes for her visions. Tucked in among the references to the canonical books of the Bible are three citations of 2 Esdras and one of the Wisdom of Solomon.

"I WAS pointed down to the time when the third angel's message was closing. The power of God had rested upon His people; they had accomplished their work and were prepared for the trying hour before them. They had received the latter rain, or refreshing from the presence of the Lord, and the living testimony [early SDA Protestant pioneers doctrines] had been REVIVED. The last great warning had sounded everywhere, and it had stirred up and enraged the inhabitants of the earth who would not receive the message" Early Writings, p. 279.1. https://sites.google.com/site/howtoperformmiracles/repeat

“There are many precious truths contained in the Word of God, but it is ‘present truth’ that the flock needs now. I have seen the danger of the messengers running off from the important points of present truth, to dwell upon subjects that are not calculated to unite the flock and sanctify the soul. Satan will here take every possible advantage to injure the cause. But such subjects as the sanctuary, in connection with the 2300 days, the commandments of God and the faith of Jesusare perfectly calculated to explain the past Advent movement and show what our present position is, establish the faith of the doubting, and give certainty to the glorious future. These, I have frequently seen, were the principal subjects on which the messengers should dwell.” {EW 63.2}

That early Adventists should use the Apocrypha may seem odd to modern Adventists until the historical backgrounds of the practice are understood.

The "apocrypha" is a title applied to a collection of fourteen or fifteen books which once stood in English Bibles between the Old and New Testaments. These books included 1 and 2 Esdras, Tobit, Judith, the Wisdom of Solomon, Ecclesiasticus, Baruch, Bel and the Dragon, 1 and 2 Maccabees, and a number of others. Most of them had been included in the Septuagint, or Greek translation of the Old Testament, but were not a part of the Hebrew scriptures which were finally "canonized" in the councils of the early church.

The term "apocrypha" literally means "hidden (books)," but over the centuries it came to mean "spurious" or "heretical." Martin Luther included them at the end of the Old Testament in his German translation of the Bible, but he noted that they were "not held equal to the sacred scriptures." The Calvinist view, followed by most Protestant churches, including Seventh-day Adventists, is that these books should be rejected as of no authority in the church, and that they have no more value than any other human writings.

Back in the 1830s and 40s, however, many Bibles containing the Apocrypha were still in circulation. Up until 1827, Bibles distributed by the American Bible Society often contained the Apocrypha. In fact, the huge Bible in the Harmon family home, which the youthful Ellen held aloft in vision, contained the Apocrypha printed in smaller type between the Testaments. So the first reason early Adventists used the Apocrypha was because it was readily available to them.

The second reason early Adventists used the Apocrypha was because they were intrigued by the book of 2 Esdras. Why? Because 2 Esdras is an apocalyptic book like Daniel and Revelation, full of symbols and prophecies, promises and warnings. Almost all the references early Adventists make to the Apocrypha are references to 2 Esdras.

This fascination seems to have dated back at least as early as 1842, when a Millerite lecturer, T.F. Barry, of Portsmith, New Hampshire, came upon a striking vision in 2 Esdras 11. The vision depicted an eagle rising out of the sea, having three heads, twelve wings, eight other smaller wings, and various groups of feathers. At a Millerite conference in his home state, Barry expounded on the vision, especially 2 Esdras 12:20 where eight of the eagles's feathers are said to represent eight kings. Barry said this was "a view of our own country, with her eight kings [presidents], with 'time small and years swift.'"

This topic was given further attention in Seneca Falls, New York, a town later made famous by the first women's rights convention in 1848. There, in 1844, lived E.R. Pinney and O.R. Fassett. These two Millerite Adventists developed a more elaborate interpretation of the eagle and his feathers, and finally "obtained satisfactory evidence of the divine authenticity of the two books of Esdras." In the feathers of the triple-headed eagle, Pinney and Fassett also thought they saw a symbol of America.

Pinney and Fassett soon traveled to Rochester, New York, where they lectured on the vision of the eagle "to the satisfaction and joy of many." Joseph Marsh, editor of the local Millerite paper, The Voice of Truth, published these new views because he believed his readers ought to have the privilege of judging their merits for themselves.

Reactions soon poured in, and Marsh discovered that some Adventists were ready to accept the inspiration of 2 Esdras, but doubted the interpretation offered, and a third group stuck to the orthodox Protestant view that 2 Esdras was not even an authentic work, let alone an inspired one.

The most vigorous opposition came from Boston, where Joshua V. Himes was struggling to keep the disappointed Millerites from being strewn to the four winds by deviant doctrines. The Advent Herald, which represented the leaders of the Millerite movement, denounced Esdras, saying "it would seem hardly credible that anyone who has carefully perused this fiction, should have for a moment seriously believed it to be either a record of facts, or the result of inspiration."

As to Pinney and Fassett's interpretation, the editors of the Advent Herald found "so many objections, and so much fancy in the application, and such a lack of internal evidence in Esdras," that they had no confidence whatever that the triple-headed eagle had anything to offer Adventists.

Pinney and Fassett had not only been fanciful in their interpretation, they had made the fatal error of predicting the immediate future. It seems that the eagle had two feathers representing rulers. One of these feathers was set up to rule, "but shortly it appeared no more." Then the second "was sooner away than the first." To Pinney and Fassett, the first feather was President William Henry Harrison, who was "set up" as ruler when he was inaugurated in 1841. He "shortly appeared no more" because he died scarcely a month later. The second feather was James K. Polk who won the election of 1844 and was awaiting inauguration when Pinney and Fassett published their views in December. Essentially, the pair were predicting that Polk would be removed from office even sooner than Harrison had been.

Polk took office on March 4, 1845, and by mid-April he was still firmly installed in the White House. The Morning Watch was thus able to taunt: "Is Esdras a prophet? An inspired writer?"

With this embarrassment, Pinney and Fassett seem to have quietly withdrawn from the fray. Fassett returned to more orthodox endeavors and became a recording secretary at the Albany Conference in April, 1845, where the Millerite leaders tried to agree on their beliefs.

More grounded Adventists were not about to give up on Esdras, however,. Into the gap leaped D.B. Gibbs of West Becket, Massachusetts. Not only did Gibbs defend the authenticity and inspiration of 2 Esdras. he had a new interpretation, one which ranged over world history from the Roman Emperors to the founding of the United States.

Gibbs play it safe on the two feathers, however. The first feather, he said, was George Washington who, unlike the kings of Europe who ruled for life, was in office only eight years. John Adams was even "sooner away" because he served only one term! Since Washington and Adams had both passed from the scene, Gibbs did not have to worry about Polk's tenure of office.

Joseph Bates, a reader and financial supporter of the Voice of Truth, in which Pinney and Fassett's article had appeared, made use of the Apocrypha in several of his pamphlets. In The Opening Heavens, he quotes 2 Esdras 7"26, then remarked: "But perhaps you do not believe that Esdras is a true prophet; well then, will you believe St. Paul?" Bates thus recognized that there were differences of opinion among his readers on the subject. Nevertheless, the next year he cited Esdras again, right along with Amos, Hosea, Isaiah, and Jeremiah.

The experience of William Miller and his associates, of Captain Joseph Bates, and of other pioneers in the advent message, should be kept before our people. (Letter 105, 1903). https://sites.google.com/site/howtoperformmiracles/repeat

In 1849 he suggested that while 2 Esdras contains "very important truths for those that keep God's las and commandments, they will probably benefit no others." Then he cited 2 Esdras 8"37, 38, in which the author of Esdras is instructed to "write all these things that thou has seen in a book, and hide them: And teach them to the wise of the people."

This text, about a hidden book to be revealed only to the wise, appears again in a rare Ellen White comment on the Apocrypha, a comment which neatly summarizes the early Adventist position: "I saw that the Apocrypha was the hidden book, and that the wise of these last days should understand it. I saw that the Bible was the standard book, that will judge us at the last day." She thus encouraged an understanding of the Apocrypha, while preserving the canonical Scriptures as the standard.

Given this attitude, it is not surprising that Ellen White would have been familiar enough with 2 Esdras as to have used its language in her early visions, nor that James White would provide footnote references to the passages from the Apocrypha which paralleled her account.

For instance, Mrs. White describes heaven, where she saw Mount Zion. and notices that "about it were seven other mountains, on which grew roses and lilies." At that point, James White's footnote pointed the reader to 2 Esdras 2:19, which describes "seven mighty mountains whereupon there grow roses and lilies."

There is even one phrase from the Apocrypha that James White did not note. Ellen White describes Jesus as welcoming the saints into the New Jerusalem with the words: "You have washed your robes in my blood, stood stiffly for my truth, enter in. 2 Esdras 2:47 says "Then I began greatly to commend them that stood so stiffly for the name of the Lord." The parallel phrase evidently became a common one among early Adventists, for as late as 1856, one believer writes the Review and Herald to say "We mean to be of that company that Esdras saw who stood stiffly for the truth."

In case Adventists did not have the Apocrypha in their Bibles, E.L.H. Chamberlain of Middletown, Connecticut, placed and ad in the Review in 1851 offering to sell copies of it for 15 cents. This practice of making the Apocrypha available to Seventh-day Adventists was revived again as late as 1869 when James White announced that the church's publishing association would be issuing an edition of the Apocrypha.

The topic cropped up in one article during the American Civil War, when J.H. Waggoner took it upon himself to refute the idea then circulating, that the eagle of 2 Esdras represents the United States because after one of its three heads was destroyed, the remaining two symbolized the North and the South. No, said Waggoner, the eagle refers to Rome, because 2 Esdras 12:11 says "The eagle whom thou sawest come up from the sea, is the kingdom which was seen in the vision of thy brother Daniel."

By 1869, D.M. Canright noted in the Review that "although the books of the Apocrypha are not commonly regarded as being inspired, yet their testimony is important as showing the belief of the Jews at the time they were written."

Yet in 1873, when a questioner asked whether a remark in the Apocryphal book of Ecclesiasticus applied to him, J.H. Waggoner simply interpreted the text rather than saying, as an Adventist minister would today, that the passage was not considered inspired.

As the years went by, however, references to the Apocrypha became less frequent and finally, in 1888, the Review editors stated flatly that the Apocryphal books were "not inspired." R.S. Webber wrote at length on the topic in 1894, saying "It is often asked if these books are inspired. I answer, NO: they are no part of the Word of God."

"One thing is certain: Those Seventh-day Adventists who take their stand under Satan’s banner will first give up their faith in the warnings and reproofs contained in the Testimonies of God’s Spirit.—Selected Messages 3:84 (1903). Her warnings to REPEAT AND REVIVE the testimonies of the early SDA Protestant pioneers: https://sites.google.com/site/howtoperformmiracles/repeat

And so the Apocrypha, that had been looked upon by early Adventists as containing, at least in 2 Esdras, some worthwhile, if not inspired, information, passed out of Adventist consciousness almost entirely. In this, as in other ways, the church came more and more in harmony with standard apostate UNWISE foolish virgin Laodicean former Protestant belief as the years went by.

"I saw that our message was NOT to the shepherds who have led the flock astray, but to the poor hungry, scattered sheep." Ellen White, PT March 1, 1850, par. 3

Stephen N. Haskell forty years

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The Complete Apocrypha: with Enoch, Jasher, and JubileesThe Book of Enoch is an ancient Jewish religious work, ascribed by tradition to Enoch, the great-grandfather of Noah, although modern scholars estimate the older sections (mainly in the Book of the Watchers) to date from about 300 BC, and the latest part (Book of Parables) probably to the first century BC. It is not part of the biblical canon as used by Jews, apart from Beta Israel. Most Christian denominations and traditions may accept the Books of Enoch as having some historical or theological interest, but they generally regard the Books of Enoch as non-canonical or non-inspired. It is regarded as canonical by the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church and Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church, but not by any other Christian groups.The Book of Jubilees, sometimes called Lesser Genesis (Leptogenesis), is an ancient Jewish religious work of 50 chapters, considered canonical by the Ethiopian Orthodox Church as well as Beta Israel (Ethiopian Jews), where it is known as the Book of Division . Jubilees is considered one of the pseudepigrapha by Protestant, Roman Catholic, and Eastern Orthodox Churches. It was well known to Early Christians, as evidenced by the writings of Epiphanius, Justin Martyr, Origen, Diodorus of Tarsus, Isidore of Alexandria, Isidore of Seville, Eutychius of Alexandria, John Malalas, George Syncellus, and George Kedrenos. The book was the major canonical literature of the ancient Jewish community indicated by the dominance of the number of copies found amongst all that were originally collected the Dead Sea Scrolls. No complete Hebrew, Greek or Latin version is known to have survived. The Book of Jubilees claims to present "the history of the division of the days of the Law, of the events of the years, the year-weeks, and the jubilees of the world" as revealed to Moses (in addition to the Torah or "Instruction") by angels while he was on Mount Sinai for forty days and forty nights. The chronology given in Jubilees is based on multiples of seven; the jubilees are periods of 49 years, seven "year-weeks", into which all of time has been divided.The Book of Jasher (also, Jashar) or the Book of the Upright or the Book of the Just Man is mentioned in the Hebrew Bible. The translation "Book of the Just Man" is the traditional Greek and Latin translation, while the transliterated form "Jasher" is found in the King James Bible, 1611. According to the Medieval Jewish scholar Rashi, Sefer HaYashar refers to the Pentateuch, as a fulfillment of Jacob's prophecy regarding Ephraim — “His seed will fill the nations” (Gen. 48:19) — and that this prophecy refers to Joshua's renown after the miracle of the standing of the sun.

Excerpt about that the animals mouths were closed the day that Adam and Eve left the Garden of Eden:

animals could talk in the Garden of Eden

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